Study Setting

The Agincourt Health and Socio-Demographic Surveillance Site (AHDSS) is run by the South African Medical Research Council and the University of Witwatersrand Rural Public Health Unit in South Africa, and is directed by Professor Stephen Tollman. It covers a sub-district of 31 villages in Mpumalanga Province in northeast South Africa, near Kruger National Park. The AHDSS was established in 1992 prior to significant socio-political change and the emergence of the AIDS epidemic in the country, and captures dynamic social, health and epidemiological transitions in rural South Africa. It provides longitudinal socio-demographic data on individuals and households and is the sampling frame for our study.


AHDSS website:




For more details, please see:


Kahn, Kathleen, Mark A Collinson, F. Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Obed Mokoena, Rhian Twine, Paul Mee, Sulaimon A Afolabi, Benjamin D Clark, Chodziwadziwa W Kabudula, Audrey Khosa, Simon Khoza, Mildred G Shabangu, Bernard Silaule, Jeffrey B Tibane, Ryan G Wagner, Michel L Garenne, Samuel J Clark, ad Stephen M Tollman (2012) Profile: Agincourt Health and Socio-demographic Surveillance System International Journal of Epidemiology, Volume 41(4): 988–1001